What is a Domain Name?

A web URL or web address is a domain name, that people type in the browser to get to your Web site. Think of a domain like an address to your home or office. When someone looks for you, they can find your address. A domain name allows your site to be easily remembered by your readers, look more professional.
Domain name serve as humanly memorable names for Internet participants, like computers, networks, and services. The domain name is a component of a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) used to access web sites, for example:


- URL:http://www.howtocreateweb.com/
- Top-level domain name:com
- Second-level domain name:howtocreateweb.com
- Host name:www.howtocreateweb.com

The "Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers" (ICANN) manages the top-level development and architecture of the Internet domain name space. It authorizes domain name registrars, through which domain names may be registered and reassigned.

The extensions .com, .net, and .org are good examples that anyone can register. for example:
      • .com : which is reserved for commercial business
      • .net : which is reserved for network organizations
      • .org : which is reserved for nonprofit organizations
Others, primarily country-code extensions (ccTLDs), have residency requirements, like:
      • .eu (representing the European Union) and 
      • .us (representing the United States).
Still others are restricted to a certain type of entity or community, like :
      • .biz :  which is reserved for business
      • .edu : which is reserved for educational entities
      • .gov : which is reserved for government agencies.
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